Doctor of Philosophy, University Professor, Bamako Mali.

Researcher at the National Center for Scientific and Technological Research

Former Minister of National Education, former Minister of Culture and Scientific Research, former Controller General of State.

Founder and Director of publication of the Yelema Journal (The Change)

Founding member and actor of the Malian Democratic Movement.

Founding member and President of the Civic Forum, a space for reflection and action for democracy.

Author of numerous publications: Philosophy, Education, Politics, National Languages, Democracy, Electoral Processes, Culture, Globalization and African visions of the future, Geopolitics of the Sahara… 

Latest publications : Démocratie et Fractures sociales au Mali, Tome1 : Silence, on democratise. Volume 2: The festival of the brigands.